The Spanish Conquest and settler genocides are very similar. They both are attacks on the indigenous people of these new territories they are exploring. Genocide against these groups were not always the plan that the European powers had originally had when exploring these territories. The Spanish conquest in Central America was probably the brutal of the examples Naimark gave. They used the Native Americans as a slaved labor force before Africans were brought over. The indigenous people were deprived of food and water and, if housed, were housed in unsanitary. In fact, the Spanish conquest utilizes five of the seven spheres of suffering Slim had discussed in his book. It’s ironic that the reason the Spanish did this was because the wanted gold and were extremely greedy about it, because when they flooded all of that gold to Spain, it totally destroyed their economy.
With settler genocides, the difference is that the violence is instigated with the colonists, the citizens, rather than the military. They had an ideology, viewing other races as inferior and ignorant, and thought that they had the responsibility to civilize them. But in doing so committed cultural genocide as they forcibly changed the indigenous people with threats of harm and death. Settler genocides became the most violent with the emergence of the modern age during the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution. I’m wondering if this is because weapons had advanced, allowing violence to be carried out easier, or if the ideologies of the people had changed, instigation violence among them easier. It could be because of the economic situation these countries were in. France had a horrible economy at the time, that’s one of the major reasons they had a revolution; and the Industrial Revolution, while leading some to become extremely wealthy, was at the expense of the common man, leading many to fall into poverty. Poverty and hunger can lead people to view other groups, especially those they think are stealing their jobs, in a negative light and become violent against them. We are even seeing traces of this in modern day United States (although not nearly to the extent of the Trail of Tears and Native American reservations).