The Balkan Wars (also known as the Balkan Crisis) were two separate conflicts in the Balkan peninsula preluding the First World War. During 1912 and 1913, the Ottoman Empire was forced to relinquish all their European territory, and several new states were created. The Treaty of London, ending the first Balkan War, determined what territory was to be given to the Balkan League and Albania, and what territory was to stay with the Ottomans. However, the Great Powers (United Kingdom, Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Italy) were given the discretion of the fate of Albania’s territory, and the fate of the islands in the Aegean Sea. The treaty also did not disclose the specifics of the territory given to the Balkan League, leading to skirmishes and conflicts among the new states. The Great Powers, several of who were barely, if even, involved in the conflict, were given great discretion and control over the outcome of the war. This led to some unwise territory distribution, causing ethnic groups to be split up and isolated in different states, becoming minorities when just across the border are more people of their ethnicity. This paper if going to discuss the specifics of the treaty and its influence on the second Balkan War. The main question this paper will answer is the impact foreign influence has on conflicts. I am interested in exploring the nuances of the Treaty of London and the impact it had on the people of the Balkan peninsula as well as the implications it had regarding the control of the Great Powers had over foreign affairs.